Which Eggs should you be eating? There are more and more choices of egg varieties when you are at your grocery store. Regular, Cage Free, Free Range, and Organic. Which ones are the best choice for you? Read on and find out.
Yep that pretty much sums up how the weather has been around here. Snow flurries on Sunday, thunderstorms at 6 A.M on Monday morning with rain all day and Tuesday and Wednesday gusty freezing winds. That is why my garden is still a quiet empty shell. The rosemary is holding strong and the garlic and onion have green sprouts up, but I haven’t been able to plant lettuce, radishes, sweet peas, greens or beets, which this time last year were already sprouting from the ground.
I know that we need this crazy cold wet weather to balance what was a mild winter last year, but come on already Mother Nature, enough!
My poor chickens yard is a mud pit, my hubby says with 40 little feet running around in there all day long what do I expect? My chicken yard, the area that is fenced in around my coops is 50′ x 50′ that is 2500 square feet. That is a pretty big space for 20 chickens. Even though I still open the door and let them run around out into our yard of 7 acres as much as I can. Though through the winter they may only be let out a few hours a week. I have to keep an eye on them while they are out for fear of predators, mainly red tail hawks, and I have no desire to stand outside and watch them in freezing weather. The cold keeps me in the house and them in their fenced in yard and with all the wet whether we have had over the last month there is a lot of mud. However, with their yard being so muddy I have felt very guilty so I have been letting them out several hours a day this last week, just so that their little toes can dry out. Though the ladies have been real troopers laying eggs no matter the weather. I am getting a dozen eggs a day now, so if you run into me I will probably be shoving a carton of eggs in your hand. Which brings me to my post today. I taught a cooking class a few weeks ago on how to make a healthy meal for your family in 15 minutes. I made my pistachio crusted salmon, lemon green beans and a spinach salad with hard-boiled eggs, mushroom, onion with a red wine vinaigrette.
I brought some of my hens eggs to my cooking demonstration to display, to show the beautiful colors of the shells, but also to talk about how important it is as far as your health as to the types of eggs you buy. I got a lot of questions from all the participants that were there and they were really interested in finding out as much as possible. So, I thought I would share with you what I know.
There are four different types of eggs at your grocery store.
- Conventional (Regular) Eggs: Hens are raised in egg factories where the chicken are crowded together in multi-hen cages with less than half a square foot of space per hen (that is 6″ x 6″) Stacked on top of one another. These close quarters can be a breeding ground for disease, so farmers often fill the hens’ food with antibiotics to keep disease at bay, and those antibiotics can wind up in your eggs. Likewise, hens laying conventionally raised eggs may be given hormones to amp up production. These eggs tend to be lighter in color, less nutritious, and far less tastier than fresh eggs.
- Cage Free Eggs: Cage-free eggs are eggs from birds that are not raised in cages, but in floor systems usually in an open barn. The hens have bedding material such as pine shavings on the floor, and they are allowed perches and nest boxes to lay their eggs. They still live in very close quarters and most hens have the top part of their beaks removed as chicks so that they can not peck at each other.
- Free Range Eggs: Free-range eggs are laid from hens that have the “opportunity” to go outside. Smaller farms may keep birds outside under a canopy area. They may travel in and out of a barn at free will or spend some portion of their day roaming outdoors. The reason I highlighted and quotation marked the word opportunity is because most large egg production companies may house up to if not more than 20,000 birds in a barn with a single small hen door that leads to an outdoor run that can be the same size as my hens use, 2500 square feet.
- Organic Eggs: Organic eggs are laid from hens that may be kept in any kind of caging system, but generally are cage free. They eat an organic feed and don’t receive vaccines or antibiotics. In order to qualify for USDA organic certification, the grains used for the hens’ diets must be produced on land that has been free from the use of toxic and persistent chemical pesticides and fertilizers for at least three years. Genetically engineered crops are not permitted, and hens must be maintained without hormones, antibiotics, and other intrusive drugs.
The old adage “you are what you eat” certainly holds true when considering the nutritional value of eggs. Since the 1970s, studies have indicated that eggs from hens with access to pasture are better for you than eggs from birds kept in cages . Free-range hens that eat a healthy, natural diet pass on that benefit to you in the form of more nutritious eggs.
Ask anyone who keeps chickens, chickens are dirty, you have to spend time keeping their area clean because they can easily become sick. Can you imagine a barn filled with 20,000 chickens, the smell, the noise and the bacteria that those birds live in 24/7 it would make for a weak, sick and unhealthy bird. That in turn will have to be pumped full of antibiotics to survive. The results being eggs filled with traces of antibiotics, hormones and I don’t even want to think about what covers the shell before they are cleaned.
Something you should know about egg shells, is that they are a semi-permeable membrane, which means that air and moisture can pass through its pores. If you keep chickens you are quite proud of how thick and tough your chicken’s egg shells. If you feed your birds a healthy diet and they are allowed to free range, eating grass, bugs and clover their shells will be tough and will prevent bacteria from entering the inner part of the egg, which you eat.
I go even a step further and add Omega-3’s (flax-seed mix), garlic powder, probiotic and Diatomaceous earth to their food. I also add Apple Cider Vinegar to their water. All of these things are for the birds health, that translate into the most healthy eggs. After all I am feeding this to myself, my family and my friends.
So what is the answer to buying the most nutritious safe egg for your family? Become friends with someone who keeps chickens and has too many for her own good. If she is not available I would definitely buy at Farmers Markets and then after that I think you have to ask yourself which factors matter the most to you and decide. Just remember a hen who lives a clean and healthy life will provide clean and healthy eggs! Hope this helps.
As always, I am not an expert and am only sharing what I have learned from reading and research and hands on experience. Please don’t hesitate to comment or share any information that you have. I am always looking to learn more and would love to hear from you!