Beets are roots that grow in the ground with leafy greens that grow above. Both root and leaf are edible and one of the most nutritious vegetables. Actually the beet greens are the most nutritious part of the plant, so make sure you start trimming them when they are young to enjoy in salads and smoothies.
Top 10 Tips to Growing Beets
#1 Plant where they will get at least 10 hours of direct sunlight.
#2 Your soil should have a pH between 6.0 to 7.0.
#3 Remove all rocks from soil where you plan to plant and work in organic material to existing soil before planting.
#4 Sow beet seeds to a depth of 1⁄2 to 1 inch and space rows 12 to 18 inches apart. Thin the seedlings to leave 2 to 4 inches of space between plants.
#5 Keep soil moist throughout growing season for better root quality.
#6 Because beet seeds have such a hard covering, soak the seeds in warm water for a few hours before sowing them to increase the chances of germination.
#7 Beet seeds are multigerm which means that there are multiple embryos in each seed. This will result in multliple plants emerging from each planted seed. Thin as needed to result in better formed roots.
#8 Few insect pests bother beets. Leaf miners, flea beetles and leafhoppers may feast on foliage. If you are worried about heavy infestation cover young plants with row covers and leave in place until harvest.
#9 Cut beet greens when they are an inch or two high to add to salad greens. Roots can be harvested when they reach a 1” in diameter up to 3-4”. Smaller roots and leaves are better tasting than larger.
#10 Before storing roots in plastic bag in fridge, cut off the tops, leaving an inch or two of the stems intact.